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Compelling Insights And Beliefs

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Uses, Procedure, And Results

Courts must act on facts, and judges and juries make decisions based on these facts. A semi-quantitative protein ‘dipstick' is frequently performed as part of a urinalysis , generally on a random urine sample The quantity of protein in a 24-hour urine sample may be measured and reported as the amount of protein excreted per 24 hours.
You may also be asked to collect a urine sample at home and bring it with you to the office or lab for testing. Urine is produced in your kidneys and passed through the urinary vet urine test tract (ureters, bladder and urethra) before being expelled from the body. In the lab a scientist analyses the sample to confirm the presence of white blood cells and bacteria.
Urine cultures are also done in cases of unusual UTI symptoms that are not particularly associated with UTIs, in men, who rarely get urinary tract infections, in the elderly, in those with poor immunological systems or in those who have known structural problems with their kidneys or urinary tract.

Cloudy urine can also be caused by the presence of white blood cells, indicating significant infection (bacterial or fungal), the passage of large quantities of protein in certain types of kidney disease (nephrotic syndrome), or simply contamination of the specimen at the time of collection (ointment, talcum powder, etc.). In all of these situations, it is the other urine test data that is useful (proteins, nitrites, microscopic analysis).
The urine may be examined under a microscope to check for the presence of red and white blood cells, crystals, and casts (impressions of the kidney tubules created when urinary cells, protein, or both precipitate out in the tubules and are passed in the urine).

Abnormal: Some foods (such as citrus fruit and dairy products) and medicines (such as antacids) can affect urine pH A high (alkaline) pH can be caused by severe vomiting, a kidney disease, some urinary tract infections, and asthma A low (acidic) pH may be caused by severe lung disease ( emphysema ), uncontrolled diabetes, aspirin overdose, severe diarrhea, dehydration, starvation, drinking too much alcohol, or drinking antifreeze (ethylene glycol).
Urine that's infected may have a ‘fishy' smell, but keep in mind that many of the body's waste products are excreted in the urine, and that includes waste products from medicines; the urine of someone who is taking antibiotics for instance, can smell very odd and can even turn an orangey colour, but these findings are quite normal.
Urinary tract infections are highly uncomfortable and distracting, and they are very common for women because of the female anatomy. Urinary casts are usually a sign of kidney disease, such as an inflammation of the renal pelvis. Protein normally isn't found in the urine.

The container usually already has a substance in it to prevent bacteria from growing while the urine is still being collected. Although the laboratory provides the largest single source of objective, scientific data on patient status, it is only one part of a complex biological picture of health or disease.
Urinalysis can be used to diagnose some bacterial and viral infections, such as E. coli, which is detectable in urine tests when a positive result is obtained from a nitrite test. A urine culture takes one to two days to perform and helps in cases of complicated bladder infections or when an antibiotic has already failed to treat the infection.
For example, a method to obtain an uncontaminated urine sample involves passing a catheter through the urethra into the bladder. Macroscopic urinalysis notes the amount, color, and clarity of the urine as well as any other visible characteristics of the urine such as the presence of blood or blood clots , precipitates, or sediments.

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